Mummification process in Ancient Egypt

Mummification is a method of preserving artificially the bodies of the deceased. In Ancient Egypt, they used mummification to respect the dead .  The main subject of interest is mummies for those who study it. It depends on the wealthiest of the deceased family of how the body is mummified, although there is no anctient detailed scripture of the process, it was figured out by examiners. The process would take 70 days. The following method was used at the end of the kingdom and during the third century:

1. Removal of the brain.

2. Extraction off the viscera through insiyion made in the left flank.

3. Sterilization of the body cavaties and viscera.

4. Treatment of the viscera: removal of their contents, dehydration by natron, anointing and application of molten resin.

5. Temporary packing of the body with natron and fragrant resins.

6. Covering the body with natron for around 40 days.

7. Removal of the temporary packing materials.

8. Subcutaneous packing of the limbs with sand and clay.

9. Packing the body cavaties with renin soaked linen and bags of fragrant materials, such as cinnamon and myrrh with sawdust.

10. Anointing the body with unguents.

11. Treatment of the body surfaces with molten resin.

12. Bandaging and inclusion of amulets, jewlary, etc.

 Certain of the organs were removed and were placed in canopic jars, each of the with different heads from different Goddesses. The bodies were often put in sarcophagus’. The more wealthy people, were placed in much larger and nicer tombs.

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