8 important Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Egypt.


Amun was important throughout the history of ancient Egypt. He had a mans body with the head of a ram, he wore an ostrich plumed hat. Amun was one of the most powerful gods in ancient Egypt. He was known as the King of all Gods. His powers grew as the city of Thebes grew from an unimportant village, to a powerful metropolis in the Middle and New Kingdom. Soon after he rose to become the patron of the Theban Pharaohs he was combine with the sun God Ra, and became Amun-Ra, which made him extremely powerful.


Anubis was known as the protecter of the dead. He appeared as a jackal-headed man. His father was Seth and his mother was Nephythys. Anubis was the God who brought the deceased to the hall of judgement, and was closely associated with the mummification process. His cult center was Cynopolis, it is now known as El Kes.


Mut, the mother of Goddess, wears two crowns, each representing upper and lower Egypt. With different combinations of deities, she is shown as a cobra, cat, cow and lioness.


Osiris was said to be the God of the after life. He was also known to be god of vegetation, which meant renewal and growth and took in charge for the fertile flooding and vegetation of the Nile banks. Osiris was murdered by his own brother, Seth. But shortly was brought back to life after his wife, Isis, brought him back with magic to conceive a child. The child of the two was Horus, who avenged his fathers death by rising a new kingdom of Egypt. Osiris then became the God of the underworld and assisted for the after life of the Pharaohs and population.


Thoth, the ibis-headed man, was the God of writing, wisdom and magic. In the hall of Maat, Thoth recorded the verdict on the deceased, maintained the library of the gods, wrote the book of Thoth and authored spells in the book of the dead, for he was the scribe of the underworld. He acted as an arbiter between the forces of good an evil.


Ra was the sun god, being one of the most important gods of ancient Egypt. He was also associated with resurrection of Pharaohs and reconstruction. Symbolically, he was born every time the sun rose, and died every time the sun set, making his journey through the underworld. Ra was depicted wearing a solar disk on his falcon head.


Isis was the ultimate Goddess for she was the mother of Horus and wife and sister of Osiris. She was depicted as a woman holding an Ankh in her hand, and sometimes seen with a cow’s head. When her husband was murdered by her brother-in-law, she bought him back to life by bandaging his body parts together, laying the foundation for the ancient Egyptian practice for mummifying their deceased. Bringing her husband back to life, Isis introduced resurrection to the Egyptians, which also influenced other religions.


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